Heat pumps are reliable and efficient systems, as long as they’re well maintained. If your heat pump is acting up, or you want to know how to care for it, use the following heat pump maintenance tips to achieve a more efficient system, better home comfort and lower energy bills.
Heat Pump Maintenance Tips
Heat pumps are all about airflow. They require airflow to drive heat exchange, comfort and efficiency. If you haven’t performed a basic maintenance check this season, or if you’ve noticed uneven airflow and temperatures, check these components.
Air Filter: The air filter is a vital device that helps protect heat pump components from inefficient operation and damage caused by debris accumulation, such as early air handler failure. Check your air filter monthly during regular heat pump use, making sure it fits snugly in the slot. You should select at least a mid-efficiency pleated filter for better performance.
Outlets and grills: The supply outlets and return grills should be wiped or vacuumed each season. This helps maintain airflow and eliminate the re-introduction of airborne contaminants.
Evaporator coil: The evaporator coil is located inside the air handler (in split-system heat pumps). Keeping the evaporator coil clean promotes better heat exchange and lower energy bills. The evaporator coil can be recognized by its copper tubing and closely-spaced fins. Using a soft brush and cloth, wipe away any dust and debris buildup on the coil. If your coil is very dirty, it may need to be chemically cleaned or steamed by an HVAC professional.
Condenser coil: Your outdoor condenser coil needs a strong airflow as well. You should periodically check around your unit for debris, vegetation and ice accumulation during the heating months. You should spray your unit off during the fall and spring with a garden hose to help remove debris that has collected inside the cabinet.
For more heat pump maintenance tips, contact Paschal Heat, Air & Geothermal in Springdale.
Our goal is to help educate our customers in Springdale, Arkansas about energy and home comfort issues (specific to HVAC systems). For more information about heat pump maintenance and other HVAC topics, download our free Home Comfort Resource guide.
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